2 edition of overview of climate information needs for ecological effects models found in the catalog.
overview of climate information needs for ecological effects models
Rebecca Lynn Peer
by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory in Research Triangle Park, NC
|Statement||Rebecca L. Peer|
|Contributions||Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory (U.S.)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||1 leaf ;|
The term information need is often understood as an individual or group's desire to locate and obtain information to satisfy a conscious or unconscious mentioned in general literature about needs, it is a common term in information ing to Hjørland () it is closely related to the concept of relevance: If something is relevant for a person in relation . Key information that is identified in the problem formulation includes stressor sources and characteristics, exposure, ecological effects, and characteristics of the ecosystem(s) to be protected. During this scoping process, available information is used to identify missing information and assessment endpoints and to develop a preliminary .
GAO Published: Publicly Released: Dec 8, Many federal efforts are under way, but the climate information needs of federal, state, local, and private sector decision makers are not being fully met, according to recent GAO reports, National Academies and other studies, and interviews with stakeholders. Climate extremes, such as severe drought, heat waves and periods of heavy rainfall, can have profound consequences for ecological systems and for human welfare. Global climate change is expected to increase both the frequency and the intensity of climate extremes and there is an urgent need to understand their ecological consequences. by:
However, unhealthy dietary patterns are identified as a risk factor in the etiology of several leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Other effects of the food system involve climate, land, and water resources. Depletion of resources (e.g., water) and . Unlike greenhouse gases, these particles have environmental effects beyond altering climate: they directly affect regional air quality and the health of people and ecosystems in source regions. All particles, especially those with diameters below 1 µm, interact with the solar radiation entering the earth-atmosphere system.
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The report includes ecological models which are cur- rently being used in research on effects as well as ecological models which could be adapted. Methods The information was obtained by a lit- erature review and personal contact with many of the modelers. The report defines and summarizes climate needs for biome models, ecosystem (process) models, tree models, and agricultural models.
An overview of climate information needs for ecological effects models: project summary Author: Rebecca Lynn Peer ; Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory.
This booklet is based on the report Ecological Impacts of Climate Change (), by the Committee on Ecological Impacts of Climate Change. The booklet was developed by Anne Frances Johnson and designed by Francesca Moghari. Fund-ing for the report and this product was provided by the United States Geological Size: 8MB.
Community ecological effects of climate change Ecosystems can control the climate (precipitation, temperature) in a way that an increase in an.
atmosphere component (e.g. CO2 concentration) induces the processes in biosphere to decrease. the amount of that component through biogeochemical cycles.
Climate normals for the U.S. (base, ): data elements / compiled by National Climatic Center, Env Climatic atlas of the United States; An overview of climate information needs for ecological effects models [microform]: project summary / R. The current paper presents the Cultural-Ecological Model of School Climate as a method for understanding the interrelationships between personal characteristics, culture, ecological contexts, and school climate, and describes a methodological framework for examining the CEMSC model with individual.
Information for Effects Characterization. To characterize potential ecological effects, information is collected or generated on the substance's potential biotic and abiotic effects in various environmental compartments or media (e.g., water, soil, sediment, air).
Guidelines for Use of Climate Scenarios Developed from Regional Climate Model Experiments by L. Mearns, F. Giorgi, P. Whetton, D. Pabon, M. Hulme, M. Lal mechanistic models used to simulate the ecological effects of climate change information. Table 1 provides a summary of climate scenario techniques that rely on the various.
3File Size: KB. out a step-by-step process for building models of ecological systems. If you’re impatient with philosophical discussion, you can read Sec-tion and the R supplement at the end of the chapter and move on to Chapter 2.
INTRODUCTION This book is about combining models with data to answer ecological ques-tions. Linking biophysical models (along with climate models) and socioeconomic analysis allows for a potentially deeper and broader understanding of future climate change impacts and how to plan for them (Challinor et al., ).
Adding the socioeconomic component to crop modeling allows accounting for the response of global markets to climate shocks Cited by: Climate Impacts.
The Climate Impacts research group at NASA GISS seeks to improve understanding of how climate affects human society through assessment of current climate variability and potential climate change impacts caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and aerosols.
Top-down study designs, where climate model data is selected, downscaled and used to drive an impacts model, provide valuable information, but they have the potential to integrate multiple influences on streamflow because model-derived climate scenarios may differ in many ways (e.g., mean change, seasonality of change, temporal characteristics.
sufficiently robust because of two sources of variability: the natural variability in the climate system, and in uncertainty in climate-model parameters such as model sensitivity to radiative forcing or feedbacks such as the change in albedo from loss of sea by: Provides students with a solid foundation in climate science, with which to understand global warming, natural climate variations, and climate models.
It will inform the future users of climate models and the decision-makers of tomorrow by providing the depth they need, while requiring no background in atmospheric by: Therefore, this book, “Land Use, Climate Change and Biodiversity Modeling: Perspectives and Applications,” is unique and is distinguished from existing titles within the subject area.
In addition, it responds to the remaining controversial issue on the effects of accumulative land-use and climate change on biodiversity. Council on Environmental Quality. Guidance on Consideration of Climate Change in NEPA Reviews, Council on Environmental Quality, August 1, This guidance describes how federal agencies should account for the effects of a proposal on climate change (using GHG emissions as a proxy for those effects) as well as the effects of climate change.
Climate Change Adaptation in ZAMBIA. Climate variability is already affecting Zambia, and projected climate change however, the majority of climate models suggest: • Annual temperature increases, above the average, of °C by the s and °C by the s.
increasing the need for food, even as climate change File Size: KB. Climate change impacts typically play out at local to regional scales, but processes at these scales are not as well represented by models as continental- to global-scale changes.
The impacts of climate change depend on how climate change interacts with other global and regional environmental changes. Climate Change Adaptation Strategy for the Occupied Palestinian Territory Executive Summary 1.
The most significant environmental effects of climate change for the people of the oPt, over the course of this century, are projected to be a decrease in precipitation (with significant seasonal variation) and significant warming.
Ecological Impacts of Climate Change () This booklet explains, in lay terms, basic scientific concepts about climate change, ecological changes that have already been observed or are anticipated to occur in the near future, and how humans may influence the effects of climate change on ecosystems.
affected by climate change, but energy production and use also play a dominant role in warming of the atmosphere and oceans. Climate can affect environmental trends, with effects on business plans, regulatory requirements, and operations.
Having access to relevant and easily understandable weather and climate data is essential for strategic.Thin gray lines are C4MIP models (Friedlingstein et al. ) CCSM carbon cycle-climate feedback. Thornton et al. () Biogeosciences Discuss., 6, Inclusion of N cycle leads to high atmospheric CO.
2. and introduces a negative carbon cycle-climate feedback.Philip Smith, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Abstract. Environmental health is a broad and complex subject area which, at its core, seeks to understand interactions of environmental factors with biological systems.
Thus exploration of environmental health necessitates concerted multidisciplinary approaches to understanding .